It is estimated that around 2.5 million people are subject to trafficking orsmuggling every year in a business that has an annual turnover estimated at US$30 billion.

The US State Department publishes the Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report on an annual basis. It is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-trafficking efforts representing an updated, global look at the nature and scope of trafficking in persons and the broad range of government actions to confront and eliminate it. Reports are available on a country by country basis and each country is placed into one of four tiers, depending upon the extent of the governments’ efforts to meet the US Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s minimum standards for the elimination of human trafficking, which are generally consistent with the Palermo Protocol.