San Marino

Sanctions

No

FATF AML Deficient List

No

Higher Risk

Not on EU White list equivalent jurisdictions

Medium Risk

Compliance with FATF 40 + 9 Recommendations

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ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING

FATF Status

San Marino is not on the FATF List of Countries that have been identified as having strategic AML deficiencies

 

Compliance with FATF Recommendations

The last Mutual Evaluation Report relating to the implementation of anti-money laundering and counter-terrorist financing standards in San Marino was undertaken by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in 2011. According to that Evaluation, San Marino was deemed Compliant for 4 and Largely Compliant for 30 of the FATF 40 + 9 Recommendations. It was Partially Compliant or Non-Compliant for 2 of the 6 Core Recommendations.

US Department of State Money Laundering assessment (INCSR)

San Marino was deemed a “Monitored” Jurisdiction by the US Department of State 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR). Key Findings from the report are as follows: -

The Republic of San Marino is an extremely small country surrounded by Italy. Stricter monitoring regulations appear to have resulted in a decrease overall in financial crimes. Money laundering occurs in both the formal and informal financial sectors, and is primarily trade-based and perpetrated by foreigners to avoid higher taxes in their home countries. There are no free trade zones or casinos in San Marino, nor is there a significant market for illegal or smuggled goods.

SANCTIONS

There are no international sanctions currently in force against this country.

BRIBERY & CORRUPTION

Rating                                                                           (100-Good / 0-Bad)

Transparency International Corruption Index                           N/A

World Governance Indicator – Control of Corruption             N/A

ECONOMY

San Marino's economy relies heavily on tourism, banking, and the manufacture and export of ceramics, clothing, fabrics, furniture, paints, spirits, tiles, and wine. The manufacturing and financial sectors account for more than half of San Marino's GDP. The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy.

 

San Marino's economy has been contracting since 2008, largely due to weakened demand from Italy - which accounts for nearly 90% of its export market - and financial sector consolidation. Difficulties in the banking sector, the recent global economic downturn, and the sizable decline in tax revenues have contributed to negative real GDP growth. The government has adopted measures to counter the downturn, including subsidized credit to businesses and is seeking to shift its growth model away from a reliance on bank and tax secrecy. San Marino does not issue public debt securities; when necessary, it finances deficits by drawing down central bank deposits.

 

The economy benefits from foreign investment due to its relatively low corporate taxes and low taxes on interest earnings. The income tax rate is also very low, about one-third the average EU level. San Marino continues to work towards harmonizing its fiscal laws with EU and international standards. In September 2009, the OECD removed San Marino from its list of tax havens that have yet to fully adopt global tax standards, and in 2010 San Marino signed Tax Information Exchange Agreements with most major countries. In 2013, the San Marino Government signed a Double Taxation Agreement with Italy, but a referendum on EU membership failed to reach the quorum needed to bring it to a vote.

 

Agriculture - products:

wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle, pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides

 

Industries:

tourism, banking, textiles, electronics, ceramics, cement, wine

 

Exports - commodities:

building stone, lime, wood, chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods, hides, ceramics

 

Exports - partners:

Italy 82.3% (2012 est.)

 

Imports - commodities:

wide variety of consumer manufactures, food, energy

 

Imports - partners:

Italy 81.8% (2012 est.)

 

 

Country Links

Financial Intelligence Agency (FIA San Marino)
Central Bank of the Republic of San Marino
Other Useful Links
FATF
US State Department
Transparency International
World Bank
CIA World Factbook

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